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Potosí

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The Department of Potosí is located al southwest of the Republic of Bolivia. It limits al north with the departments of Oruro and Cochabamba, al south with the republic of Argentina; al this with the departments of Chuquisaca and Tarija; and al western with the Republic of Chile.

 

Has an extension of 118.218 Km2. And a population of 709.013 inhabitants (Census 2001). The capital of the Department is the city of Potosí (4.070 m.s.n.m.), situated among the 16º30'30 " of south latitude and the 68º112'00" of western length of the meridian of Greenwich. The Department of Potosí counts on 16 provinces and 301 cantons.

The cultural and historic value of Potosí has been recognized for the UNESCO through the statement of “Patrimonio Cultural of the Humanity”. The colonial city conserves still monumental temples built in times of prosperity, when immense wealth were extracted of the Rich Hill. Those times remained behind, although Potosí still keeps in its bowels tin, zinc, antimonio and wólfram. In Potosí they dazzle the magnificent civil and religious constructions as the mint. It is also recommendable, to understand the life of Potosí, to visit the mine. In any case, everything that can be appreciated in Potosí constitutes a testimony during the day of great wealth for some and exploitation for other. They form part of the attractions of this city, the next towns in which the settlers dress beautiful weavings carried out by them same. Near Potosí, the highest city of the world, the visitor can enjoy thermal water and other fascinating natural spots as the to Salt of Uyuni and the Lagoons of colors.

 

Richhill of Potosí

One of the main tourist attractions of the city of Potosí is the "Sumaj Orko", call also Rich Hill. Since the year 1545 functioned functioned in this place Pailaviri, the most important mining center , of whose bowels they were extracted immense silver quantities. The access to the mine is carried out by means of an elevator that descends to the visitors to the 240 meters of depth, where the galleries of extraction of all the can be observed minerals: leads-silver, zinc-silver and tin.

 

The Cathedral

The cathedral is the first greater church of Potosí. Is a matter of a neoclassical architectural work, according to the master one Veramenti. The temple is comprised of a ship of cruiser that subsisted to principles of the 19th century (1807). The subsequent collapse obliged the reconstruction of the Church. At present the Cathedral shows the stone and the brick with which originally was built. In its interior three ships they are notified and a cruiser with dome on drum octogonal, cover with barrel vault run , where a great central dome shows off itself and two twin towers. The work undertaken by Fray Manuel of Sanahuja demanded 28 years (1808-1836). In 1924 he obtained the rank of Cathedral and at present he is respected like one of the most beautiful of Latin America.

 

Church Convent of San Francisco

This church dates from 1547 and was founded by the Fray Gaspar of Velarde. Is the oldest cloister of Bolivia. Its beautiful front worked in stone is admired for the visitor that arrives at this imperial land. The interior of the Church is decorated with cloths of the famous painter Melchor Pérez of Olguín and with neoclassical altars. In one of these altars the image of the Mister of Edge Cross rests , found one morning in a drawer of cedar in the door of the church. The beard and the hair of the Christ are natural. The Mister of Edge Cross, declared Owner of Potosí, is venerated in a local holiday that is carried out September 14. The temple is of type basilical and has three ships. The head office is cover by a barrel vault run and the lateral with domes. The cruiser shows three semiesferas, the walls are of lime and song, the domes of brick and the pillars of ashlar. The towers present a pyramidal square plant, with four sides covered with ceramics.

 

Church of Holy Sunday

It was the second Church built in the city and dates from the year 1620. It was remodeled the year 1870, date in which the neoclassical style was introduced. Then the dome premiered itself, a replica of the Cathedral. The front of Holy Sunday is Renaissance. The temple maintains the stuccoed of the ship and the chapels of cruiser, a high chorus and the covered with the entrance. One of the most important hereditary elements is the sillería of the high chorus and of the room to surrender. The cloister was become a jail public.

 

Church of The Mercy

It is the first convent mercedario based on Potosí, the year 1555. Its church was concluded the year 1687. The front of the nave is Renaissance and was worked in stone with two bodies. The lower one presents an arch of half a point and exhibits the shield of the Mercy. Its espresso decoration a certain abandonment al classical style and the introduction of the racially mixed style. Its main plant is of a single ship with a triumphant arch, has two lateral chapels: the Solitude and the Holy one Christ of the Column. Among the most important elements is the stuccoed of Mudejar character and the samples of mural painting , located along the chorus and the main ship. To the left of the facade a double bulrush of large proportions raises itself, with relation al remainder of the construction, with a beautiful open bell tower al public.

 

Church Convent of Holy Teresa

The front of the Convent of Holy Teresa is worked in pink stone of two bodies; preserve the cornice of three shields, one of them corresponds to the Carmelite order and the lateral to the cofounders. The construction has a single ship covered with roofs water with armor of wood; the space is divided by an arch of triumph that demarcates the chancel and an altarpiece bathed with bread of gold, of baroque style. The convent, adequate for museum of sacred art, possesses beautiful paintings with old-fashioned, golden frameworks and own objects of the life of the convent.

 

Church of San Bernardo

It was built in times of the Virrey Toledo and totally was reconstructed by the architect Bernardo Red the year 1731. The temple is built with stone without working, is of a single ship and counts on a cruiser, sacristies, baptistries and an angelorio. They covered with vaults of half a tube and a great central dome, all the work of lime and song, has a front carved in stone and bulrush. After the foundation of the Republic of Bolivia the creation of cemeteries being chosen was arranged the church of San Bernardo for the construction of a cemetery that was utilized until 1909.

 

Church of San Lorenzo

It built the year 1548, was known like the Temple of the Assumption and destined the dwelling of the Spaniards. The restructuring was carried out in the 18th century, when the dome was built and a beautiful racially mixed baroque front carved in stone with numerous symbols. The church, of a single ship, preserve a polychrome high chorus and carved in wood, besides baroque altarpieces. The Christ tied to the column and the Christ crucified, works of Gaspar of the Cave, they complete the religious environment of the temple, whose structure is of adobe. The chorus, in the shape of OR, is maintained by canes long and simple.

 

Church Compañia of Jesus

Open al public the year 1590, the Church of the Company of Jesus was reconstructed in 1599. In the work of restructuring the predominant, racially mixed style in the 18th Century was imposed. The church was worked in stone. The construction surprises al visiting by the beauty of its architecture and grandeur of the tower in which is recorded the following legend : “Alabado be the very saint sacramento”. Its front is flanked by three peers of columns salomónicas well decorated and 36 small columns salomónicas. The tower, to Roman triumph arch way, is cover with three domes of orange average, concluded this work was carried out by the native one Sebastián of the Cross.

 

Church of San Benito

Known as the first church of Indians, San Benito was built by Bernardo of Red, between the years 1711 and 1727. The Church conserves in its interior an important collection of paintings. The precinct has a private form, sample in its structure a latin american cross covered with 9 domes of orange average. In the interior an altarpiece of the 18th century is notified and a pulpit with average corresponding sizes al 17th century. Of the walls they take down pictures with scenes of the life of San Benito.

 

Church of San Martin

The structure of the Church of San Martin is of adobe. The temple was dedicated to the natives of the lake Titikaka that came to this place to comply with the obligatory service (put it) in the mines of the Rich Hill. This church depended on the order of the Mercedarios. Of a single ship and a semidetached tower, the temple suffered several modifications although conserves its interior beauty. The lateral cloths are covers with a series of oils relating to the life of the Virgin, all they conserve the marquería original. The temple exhibits valuable images of the Christ Yacente, The Painful one and San Juan, images that each year are walked through the streets in the procession of the Holy Grave, carried out the Good Friday.

 

Church Jerusalem

Fence al old cemetery, emerges the Church Jesuralém, this is a sanctuary dedicated to the Virgin of the Candelaria (appeared the year 1623). According to chronicles of the epoch, the Virgin had a hermitage where there was itself refugee the vascongado in its fight with the edict vicuña. The final construction dates from the year 1702 and was in charge of the master Mr. Lazarus of Moon and Francisco Ortega. The church was enriched in 1769 by initiative of the priest José of Serum Gonzáles and Andrade, who sent to build the altarpiece of the high altar, conserved to date. It conformed by a single ship and a semidetached tower, the interior shows al high chorus, an arch that divides the space destined to the faithful and al cultured. In the side of the gospel is the pulpit where paintings are found of Melchor Pérez of Holguín, and al fund a baroque altarpiece of 1765.

 

 

Marries National of the Currency

The Virrey Toledo carries ahead the construction of the first mint. In 1572 they raised themselves the foundation in the surrounding area of the Plaza of the Elation (today Plaza 10 of November) under the responsibility of the builder potosino Jerónimo of Leto. The work was concluded three years later. Its cost elevated to 8.321 pesos , a tomín and 13 silver grains.

 

Second mint

They elapsed near 150 years of operation of the first mint and despite that the silver production of the Rich Hill crossed a critical period, the real authorities of Spain decided to set in motion that of relaunching" of the prized metal, building the second mint, inaugurated July 31, 1773.

 

Republican coining

It created the Republic of Bolivia in 1825, was definite the monetary and administrative organization. Two years had to spend -while continued circulating the Spanish currencies -to manufacture those of republican stamp.

 

Pulacayo
It located 22 kilometers of Uyuni, to ends of the 19th century, Pulacayo was in one of the most important mining centers the country, where the internationally known one was promulgated “Tesis of Pulacayo” that claimed the interests of the working class. In this place the remainders of the first train are exhibited that operated in Bolivia.

 

Colchani
The population of Colchani, acquaintance also as “Puerto Dry”, is the main entrance to the region. It is located 22 kilometers of the town of Uyuni, on the banks of the great to Salt. Is the center of the extraction of salt. The visitor can appreciate rustic dwellings built with adobe, blocks of salt and techadas with tall grass, material they permit to conserve the heat and to face the low temperatures that are registered in the region. The existing tall grass in the zone, does that the grazing of flames, vicuñas and other species of mammals, be frequent.

 

Salting of Uyuni

The to salt of Uyuni constitutes an impressive natural attraction by its white crust of salt that resembles a static sea. Its extension of 10.582 km2, The largest one of the world becomes it, with a reserve of nine million tons of lithium and other mineral evaporíticos. The landscape is spectacular, the traveled through by its platform permits to observe you figure polyhedral formed by the Aeolian force of the wind. It is fascinating the contrast that is given among the blue one of the sky, the white shining one and the rustic lilac coffee of the mountains that encircle it, besides two existing islands in the middle. The to Salt is located among the parallels 20º and 21º of south latitude and 68º of western length. It contains a reserve of 9 million tons of lithium and other mineral evaporíticos. The to Salt is formed by a stratum salino of high levels of purity that has 6 meters of depth. Is the result of the disappearance of a sea that extended for all the altiplano and that arrived to the lake Titicaca. The drying occurred 13.000 years ago. In the extension of salt some appear “ojos”, is a matter of some orifices from 10 to 15 cm of diameter and of 120 meters of depth. A strong presence of grasses (tall grass) is appreciated in the place. In places of greater humidity they sprout the tholares and the keñuas , typical flora of the region. Be displaced in a vehicle by this lake of salt is an extraordinary experience, above all during the winter when the blue intense one of the sky contrasts with the brilliant crust of salt. In cloudy days the effect is produced “white - out”, the horizon is blurred and is almost impossible to differentiate the land of the sky. In the middle of this shining white desert they emerge you figure polyhedral formed by the Aeolian force of the wind. The islands that are in the middle of all this panorama are also an attraction for the visitor:

 

Island Fish

The Island Cujiri, more known as Island Fish, is located 74 kilometers of Colchani , in the same center of the to salt. It has an extension of 100 hectares and reveals a picturesque landscape. The surface of granite and organic land permitted that a species of gigantic cactus (6 meters of height) have developed an interesting ecosystem. In the top of the Island is a cave, in which the different geological layers of its floor can be appreciated. This it is one of the better places to take photographs of the island and of the to Salt.


Island Incahuasi

The Island Incahuasi, known like Island Fishermen, is formed on the remainders of a volcano , to a height of 102 m on the surface of the to salt. In the island identifying 7 archaeological places of the culture they have themselves Tiwanakota , 2 Inca ruins, 30 caverns, 12 natural tunnels and 1 forest of cactus (quirucolumbar, pillaya, piscallu, thulo, huajraguaya , añaguaya, etc.) Alfredo Lazarus (comunario of Llica) lives protecting the Island since 1987. He has counted 4.030 adult cactus, 5.000 units of cactus in development and 16 cactus burned or resecados. The Island is nest of birds, vizcachas, etc. This it is an extraordinary place to contemplate this extraordinary landscape and to take photographs.

 

It reserves National of Andean Fauna “Eduardo Miserly” (DEFENDANT)
The National Reserve of Andean Fauna Eduardo Miserly (DEFENDANT) is located al south of the Department of Potosí. In a surface of 7.147 km2, he harbors extraordinary Lagoons, an enormous diversity of flora, géisers and geothermal wells of surprising beauty. The Reserve was created the year 1973, has a surface of 714.745 hectares (7.147 km2). The Area limits toward the South with the Republic Argentina and al Western with the Republic of Chile. The climate is cold and dry and is to a height that oscillates between the 4.200 and the 6.000 meters above sea level. The Reserve Eduardo Miserly (DEFENDANT) is situated in the Western mountain Range, characterized in detail plateaus and volcanic cones. The Reserve has registered 102 species of flora and the existence is estimateed of approximately 200 species of upper plants. The zone is characterized for the extensive deserts ice creams and the meadow altoandina semidesértica. In the place is possible to appreciate salty Lagoons of glacial origin, bofedales and turberas. Among the 96 species of fauna registered they emphasize the vicuña (Vicugna vicugna), the Andean cat or titi (Felis Jacobite), the suri (Pterocnemia pennata), the soca (Fulica cornuta), the chocka (Fulica gigantic) and the three species of flamencos (Phoenicoparrus andinus, Phoenicoparrus jamesi and Phoenicopterus chilensis) that nest in enormous colonies. Likewise some species of small birds are observed like Upucerthia validirostris , Phegornis mitchelli and other migratory species originating from the North hemisphere. The Reserve possesses the following attractions:


Stone
Three

Is an assembly of rocky formations, whose evolution and form itself due to the Aeolian erosion. This landscape natural surrealist this surrounded by a desert of sand , the panorama dazzles al visiting.


Red
Lagoon

The Red Lagoon, located to 4.278 meters above sea level, extends on a surface of 60 km2. It is a multicolored Lagoon where they dominate the reddish tones, product of the sediments of zooplacton, fitoplacton and other. The color contrast that is produced among the environment, the flamencos and the red one of the Lagoon dazzles al visiting. This place also known as the “Nido of the Andes”, shelters at more than 30.000 flamencos of three different species that nest in it. Is also the shelter of the Parihuana Small, the largest one of South America. The landscape is done still more spectacular by the bird life that writes down in the red water. Three varieties of birds are observed: the parina small or chururu, the totoko and the parina large, that do a high one before continuing the trip al north. On the road to the Red Lagoon the active volcano is seen Ollagüe, the chain of Lagoons inhabited by flamencos and the thermal water of the Chalviri that contain salt water (30º C of temperature). Among the natural attractions of the place they are the Lagoons Chiar Ckota, Stinking, Ramaditas and Salted, the hills Ollagüe and Licancabur, the stone formations of Rockrose Prairie and the thermal force of the Sun of Tomorrow.


“Sun of Tomorrow”

To an hour of trip of the Red Lagoon they are the géisers, intermittent sources of water that sprouts to a temperature of 90º C, fumarolas and cracks by where leaves washes volcanic. It is recommended to observe the place since a considerable distance by the sensibility of the land.


Green Lagoon

It is found in the southwestern extreme of Potosí , to the feet of the volcano Licancabur, to a height of 4.350 meters above sea level. It occupies a surface of 17 km2 and its vision evokes the landscape of end of the world. This it divided into 2 bodies of water. Its extraordinary color is owed al high content of magnesium that possess the geological formations of the area. The landscape is done truly fascinating when the sun enters al zenit. In the edges of the Lagoon black volcanic stones of enormous dimensions they are found and saline rocks that emerge of the interior of the land. Not yet the depth of this Lagoon has been able to be determined. The tall grass grows in the zone, adopting the specific forms by the course of the wind. Traveling through for the edges permits to have spectacular views pans of the Lagoon and of the surrounding hills, creating beautiful contrasts of colors that are reflected in the water. Is an apt setting for the walks, the tourism of adventure and the ecoturismo. The ideal dates for this traveled through are the months of June , July and August, season in which the land is dry, therefore the ascent is facilitated and the displacement. The volcano Licancabur (5.868 m.s.n.m.) has an almost perfect conical form. Is inactive and counts on very little vegetation (tall grass and grass). It is located in the western sector of the Green Lagoon and is the frontier limit between of Chile and Bolivia. The ascent al volcano takes some 5 hours, the slope is pronounced and rocky and the climber should face strong winds originated in La Pazful Ocean. Since the top the deep valleys can be appreciated and the numerous existing Lagoons inside and out of the park.

 

Front of the Lions Rampantes

Its construction dates from end of the 18th century. By the typology of the front is supposed that belonged some Overlord captain to put. The building totally was remodeled the year 1970 , was added a second body. In the interior they were done a series of new constructions that do difficult to recognize the original structure.

 

Marries of the Three Fronts

Called also of the “Recogidas” by being the beaterio of Indies, belonging to the Franciscan order. It is a matter of three fronts with a totally original design, that does not reproduce the religious architecture but presents a strange and abundant ornamentation. The fronts are of brick covered by lime, evidence that espresso the economic slope by the one that passed it known “Villa Imperial” in the 18th century. Two of the fronts cover plants with a door and window, the third one lacks window and has a cloth very decorated that covers the flat.

 

Marries of Francisco of the Rocha

Has a beautiful unit of layout in its main facade of symmetrical design. The front is it more interesting of the composition. The real estate conserves the racially mixed ornamentation.

 

Plaza 10 of November

It called also "Plaza of Elation” due to that since 1890, two times al year, in their immediacies the carnival, the independence days and the bullfights were celebrated. In the days was already custom to listen al Prefect announcing the quantity of bulls that would give al town. The buildings that surrounded the Plaza corresponded to the royal households, the first mint, the greater Church, the city Hall and the Empedradillo.

 

Sara Court

To some 250 meters on the same wall of the sector of Lajasmayu, in this place the pictográficas are found disseminated along the wall. In the outskirts there are representations of camélidos they aligned and anthropomorphic representations that have been recover with crossings as sample of the control of the evangelización in America. The colors utilized are the red purple, the white one and the black one.


Supay Mill Qaqa ( mill of the devil)

In this place the cave paintings are exhibited on a ferrous sandy oblique wall. They can be seen you figure geometric (lines, undulating, spiral, circles, multiform figures , fitomorfas, etc.), representations zoomorfas (ruminant and camélidos) and antropomorfas. Through the paintings the different periods can be appreciated (remote from times to the colonial epoch, between the 400 and 6000 years). The paintings have colors as the red purple, the white one, the black one and the yellow one.


In Qaqa Court

The paintings are found in the north extreme of the mountainous wall. To agree al place one must pass for the community of Supay Mill, where some twenty motives carried out in red purple can be appreciated, geometric forms, representations of weavings, etc.

 

Lajasmayu I and II

They conceived as the places of most important rock art of the zone, they exhibit a variety of samples.


Jatun Cave

This place presents petroglifos and pictographs disseminated on the walls of the place, some of them presents in a formation basáltica. Fence to 40 motives painted and a hundred engravings give forms al picture. The paintings in red present motives zoomorfos and antropomorfos, while the engravings express themes referred to the hunt.

 

Road of Betanzos

This it was an old Inca road, presents a diversity of landscapes. In Pignasi we find us with remainders of cave painting, above all in the place called Corner.

 

Manquiri
14 kilometers Potosí, the Sanctuary of Manquiri transports al visiting to the architecture of the 18th century. In passed times the place was venerated by the emanations of vapor of the thermal water that run subterranean. The front of the church is of the purest racially mixed style and all the structure shines with its immaculate whiteness, emphasizing its strange figure on the reddish
hills.

 

The Door of the Devil

The door is located six kilometers of the city and sample an interesting geological structure in red sandstone of a lot of color that finish in the cave. Next to her the famous cave is found, difficult to visit it internally but attraction to contemplate the geological formation in which is found.

 

Lagoon of Tarapaya

Known also as the “Baño of the Inca”, is a matter of a place of thermal water that leads to other springs. Is a natural attraction very concurred. It possesses the form of a perfect circle. To the Lagoon they are attributed him curative qualities and has a singular surrounding landscape by the natural coloring of its hills.

 

Hot springs

It is a matter of a spa of ideal, thermal water to pass the day enjoying the hot and healthy sulphurous water of its natural Lagoon. Tarapaya is found on the road toward the city of Potosí.

 

Sector Tecota

Arriving at Tecoya (3.300 m.s.n.m.), a stone figure rests of approximately 40 meters of height. It is a matter of The Christ of Tecota, whose face can be appreciated, as well as the scalp and the cloak in position of meditation. In the lower part a beautiful fall of water is observed known like Pajcha of Tecoya.

 

National park - "Reserve Eduardo Miserly"

Identifying also as National Reserve of Andean Fauna, this park has a surface of 714.745 hectares toward the southwest of the Department of Potosí. Its altitude average is of 4.000 m. s. n. m. It is a region of extensive plains and plateaus cleared in the west by mountain ranges hardly fold. A series of Lagoons exists or mirrors of water that have its origin in the drying of the old lakes. The vegetation is abundant in pasturelands , tall grass, thola, keñua and yareta. The fauna counts on three species of flamencos: the tokotoko, the chururu and the jututu.

 

Green Lagoon

It located in the south extreme of the reserve, this Lagoon has a surface of 17 Km2, It divided into two bodies of water. The coloring is green emerald caused by the high content of magnesium. Very close the dull Volcano is found of Licancabur, that has a height of 5.868 meters above sea level , marking the border with Chile. To an hour of trip toward the south of the Green Lagoon, the geysers are found and fumarolas that stem from the interior of the land, since the sector is clearly volcanic.

 

Red Lagoon

This Lagoon is found 327 kilometers of the city of Uyuni (South province Lípez, to 2.278 m.s.n.m.) and possesses a surface of 60 square meters. The place is characterized for the reddish one of its water.

 

Town of Uyuni

Locality in which “el is found cemetery of trains” that exhibits the most important remainders of machinery of railroad of the year 1890.

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