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Oruro

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The department of Oruro is the folk capital of the country, acquaintance mainly by its magnificent and sumptuous Carnival declared “Obra Teacher of the Oral and Intangible Patrimony of the Humanity”. Behind this devotional festivity, hides an Oruro rich in natural resources and ancient culture. In the epoch colonial Oruro was you take care of it the silver , by possessing large mining wealth. The pompous Carnival of Oruro is inspired for the Virgin of the Candelaria or of the Socavón , who motivates year after year one of the largest events of cultural expression of Latin America. Itself not to it can stop mentioning the unique natural characteristics that possesses this department, surrounded by volcanos, salares and flamenco. Besides , the fantastic Sanctuary of Birds of the Lake Poopó and the National Park Sajama - considered the highest forest of the world - they form a whole harmonic of natural beauty.

 

The department of Oruro is located al western of the Republic of Bolivia. It limits al north with the department of La Paz; al south with the department of Potosí; al this with the departments of Cochabamba and Potosí and al western with the Republic of Chile. Has an extension of 53.558 km2 And a population of 391.870 inhabitants (Census 2001). The capital of the department is the city of Oruro (3.706 m.s.n.m.), situated among the 17º 58' of south latitude and the 67º6' of western length of the meridian of Greenwich. The department of Oruro counts on 16 provinces and 35 municipalities.

The House of the Culture

The building belonged to Simón Patiño known as the baron of the tin; counts on an art gallery of colonial art and furniture of style Luis XV and XVI.

 

Museum Simón I. Patiño

Real estate of two-floor, mannerist style, in the high plant they stand out the balconies where they emphasize diverse figures, in the base emphasizes a base of good height executed in ashlars of stone. The House or main Residence of Mr. Simón Iturri Patiño was built by the years 1900 to 1903. Its main restoration was carried out by the years 1986 to 1990 in charge of the authorities of the Technical University of Oruro. At present the Museum Patiño functions in the ground floor and high of the House, with extensive parlors of exposition, clerk of the Department of University Extension and the Central Library of the OR. T. OR. In the museum they are appreciated, movable style Luis XVI, adopt forms you circulate including the termination of the legs and they are adorned with velvet, some they carry covers of marble of Carrara and other with inlays of ivory. Among the most representative samples we have the coaches of French origin manufactured by the firm J. Rothschild and Fils, in their stuffy epoch by horses of race. Also they are emphasized the movable style Luis XVI and the fine one decorated interior of the Museum.

 

Mining museum of the Socavón

Novel museum located in the subsoil of the Rooster Foot hill, "Sanctuary of the Socavón", where the task inside a silver mine can be appreciated. The Mining Museum is found installed in the subsoil of the Sanctuary of the Socavón. From a mine entrance and a prolonged stands can be agreed to this marvelous museum. The Museum this divided into five interesting sectors. Among the most representative samples than they are exhibited, we have al Uncle of the Mine (Devil), and the representation of Nina Rina (Romantic ratero). In the first sector, a hanging cart can be observed that was utilized to transport the mineral in the epoch of colonial. Also we can observe collections of minerals and other old use mining industry implements. In the second sector , we find the “callapeo”, typical paneled of security in the mine, drills of diverse employed type during the 19th century, outright collection of the Mine 20th century, and other implements of wardrobe. In the third sector , al to take the second gallery of fork of the museum, we can observe a plan of mining concessions of the year 1900, principles press machineries of the 20th century, besides other appliances that were utilized in the epoch. In the fourth sector, we emphasize the clock of Hochschild (Baron of the tin) as a true relic and a mailbox with load of mineral with their respective metal car d extraction on rieles. The fifth sector presents a stands that serves at the outset of the Museum, which conducts to the Plaza of the Folklore.

 

Museum Workshop Cardozo Velásquez

In the patio of sculptures, al central of the garden, a privileged place with a lot of energy concentrated, we have the source of the desires with sculptures of Gonzalo Cardozo. In the living room dining room of the family, become a parlor of expositions, works of painting they can be appreciated and national contemporary sculpture. The merito of this family as known only case in Bolivia, is that all the members of the family are expressed through the art: Nayra, architect and artistic photographer; Kurmi, painter; Tani, folklore; Gonzalo , sculptor; Lulhy, painter; Wara, sculptress; and María, ceramicist. The museum Cardozo Velásquez, this located in the street Junín Nº 738, between bee and Iquique, zone this of the city of Oruro.

 

Anthropological museum

The Anthropological Museum “Eduardo López Rivas” was created in 1959. presents five thematic areas: Archeology, anthropology , ethnology, ethnomusicology, and folklore. In the they are exhibited great quantity of archaeological objects, chewed and brought of the folklore orureño, native musical instruments, dwellings Chipaya and chullpares, among others. In the area of archeology, we can observe objects líticos (you arm and tools), objects for the grinding of food, heads of flame of the Culture Wankarani, engravings in stone, pre-Colombian ceramics, instruments of agriculture, flame wool weavings and vicuña, and metalurgia. In the area of anthropology we can observe a series of deformations craneanas, typical burial grounds of the pre-Colombian epoch, beliefs , funeral processes and mummies in perfect state of conservation. In the area of ethnology, we can appreciate, the marvelous culture of the Chipayas, its dwellings, clothing, religion, language and music. The area of ethnomusicology shows us musical instruments of the Andean culture, among the ones that emphasizes the kind Siku, Kena, Khepa, Wankara and Pinkillo. The area of the folklore shows us a range of suits and masks of the Majestic Carnival of Oruro, being emphasized the chronologic collection of masks of devil.

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 Garza Tours Tourism & Travel Agency
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